# rangeBetween

`rangeBetween.Rd`

Defines the frame boundaries, from `start`

(inclusive) to `end`

(inclusive).

## Usage

```
rangeBetween(x, start, end)
# S4 method for WindowSpec,numeric,numeric
rangeBetween(x, start, end)
```

## Arguments

- x
a WindowSpec

- start
boundary start, inclusive. The frame is unbounded if this is the minimum long value.

- end
boundary end, inclusive. The frame is unbounded if this is the maximum long value.

## Details

Both `start`

and `end`

are relative from the current row. For example, "0" means
"current row", while "-1" means one off before the current row, and "5" means the five off
after the current row.

We recommend users use `Window.unboundedPreceding`

, `Window.unboundedFollowing`

,
and `Window.currentRow`

to specify special boundary values, rather than using long values
directly.

A range-based boundary is based on the actual value of the ORDER BY expression(s). An offset is used to alter the value of the ORDER BY expression, for instance if the current ORDER BY expression has a value of 10 and the lower bound offset is -3, the resulting lower bound for the current row will be 10 - 3 = 7. This however puts a number of constraints on the ORDER BY expressions: there can be only one expression and this expression must have a numerical data type. An exception can be made when the offset is unbounded, because no value modification is needed, in this case multiple and non-numeric ORDER BY expression are allowed.

## See also

Other windowspec_method:
`orderBy()`

,
`partitionBy()`

,
`rowsBetween()`

## Examples

```
if (FALSE) {
id <- c(rep(1, 3), rep(2, 3), 3)
desc <- c('New', 'New', 'Good', 'New', 'Good', 'Good', 'New')
df <- data.frame(id, desc)
df <- createDataFrame(df)
w1 <- orderBy(windowPartitionBy('desc'), df$id)
w2 <- rangeBetween(w1, 0, 3)
df1 <- withColumn(df, "sum", over(sum(df$id), w2))
head(df1)
}
```